Fire Science Technology Program

History

What is the history of National Fire Prevention Week?

In 1911 the Fire Marshals Association of North America decided the 40th anniversary of the Great Chicago Fire should be observed in a manner to inform the public about fire prevention and fire safety and Fire Prevention Day was observed on October 11, 1911.

In 1920 President Woodrow Wilson issued the first National Fire Prevention Day proclamation. In 1925 President Calvin Coolidge proclaimed the first Fire Prevention Week , October 4-10, 1925.

Why are Dalmations considered firehouse dogs?

Dogs were helpful to direct and guard horses during the era of the horse drawn fire engine. Dalmations were favored probably because of their size, friendly nature, ability to train, and ability to care for themselves. Likewise urban and nearby departments gave away puppies as new litters were born thus creating a fire service tradition.

What were the worst fires in the history of the world? (since 1835)

Date Location Deaths
May 1845 Canton China 1,670
October 8, 1871 Peshtigo, WI - forest fire 1,182
December 8, 1881 Ring Theater, Vienna 850
December 30, 1903 Iroquois Theater, Chicago 602
December 23, 1995 Schoolhouse, India 500+
November 2, 1994 Burning fuel flood, Egypt 500
November 28, 1942 Cocoanut Grove, Boston 491
October 14, 1913 Wales, Colliery 439
August 19, 1978 Abadan, Iran - movie theater 425+
September 1, 1894 Minnesota - forest fire 413

What were the worst fires in the history of the United States? (since 1835)

Date Location Deaths
October 8, 1871 Peshtigo, WI - forest fire 1,182
December 30, 1903 Iriquois Theater, Chicago 602
November 28, 1942 Cocoanut Grove, Boston 491
September 1, 1894 Minnesota - forest fire 413
October 12, 1918 Cloquet, MN - forest fire 400
June 30, 1900 Hoboken, NJ - docks 326
April 21, 1930 Columbus, OH - penitentiary 320
December 5, 1876 Brooklyn, NY - theater 295
October 8, 1871 Great Chicago Fire - IL 250
April 23, 1940 Natches, MS - dance hall 198
March 4, 1908 Collingwood, OH - school 176
January 13, 1908 Rhoads Theater, Boyertown, PA 170
July 6, 1944 Ringling Circus, Hartford, CT 168
May 28, 1977 Southgate, KY - nightclub 164
March 25, 1911 Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, NY, NY 146
December 7, 1946 Winecoff Hotel, Atlanta, GA 119